|1000-500BC. Iron Age. Large hill forts prevalent, extensive use of copper evident. Most impressive found at Tre'r Cewri (1850 feet) at the summit of Eifl Mountain, Gwynedd.
500-200BC. Celts arrive forming many small communities. No definitive area named Wales.
100AD. Romans arrive, first contact with the Druids in what is now Wales. Two of three Roman Legions stationed on the Wales border such was the ferocity of the Welsh.
500AD. Saxons invade Wales after the Romans withdraw from Britain.
516AD. Battle of Mount Badon halts further incursions by the Saxons. This a precursor to a separate westward nation.
600AD. First evidence of Britain being grouped into three areas. Gaelic north, Teutonic East and Britonic West (Wales). First evidence of Britonic west language differences.
615AD. Battle of Chester. English soldiers surge northwards, Wales is further separated from supporters to the north. Welsh warriors now become boxed-in to the west.
700AD. Communal interests between the Churches of Wales and England cease. The two nations begin individual decisions.
784AD. King of Mercia constructs a 150 mile long ditch/embankment, named Offa's Dyke. Becomes permanent boundary between Wales and England.
1040. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Welsh leader, strengthens unity amongst Wales and secures it's borders once and for all. The first true Prince of Wales.
1284. Statute of Rhuddlan drawn by the English, creates new Counties and English law within Wales. Title "Prince of Wales" autonomously bestowed upon first born Son of the English monarchy. This without consulting a single Welsh national.
1402. Infamous Penal Laws. Welsh rebellion frustrates the English, they impose laws prohibiting any Welsh born to gather in crowds, live in fortified communities or bearing arms.
1536. Act of Union. Perhaps a more official version of the Statute of Rhuddlan, Wales becomes forever annexed to the lands of the English realm. The document was further modified 7 years later in 1543.
1563. Holy Bible published in the Welsh language.
1750. Industrial Age. Merthyr becomes largest producer of iron in the World, pumping out 500 tons of ore per month. Flintshire and Swansea follow suit with production of massive quantities of copper. By early 1800's almost all of the World's copper and ore originated in Wales.
1800. First of the great Welsh canals are built linking major Towns with the coalfields. Spawns great engineering feats such as the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct over the River Dee. 125 foot high waterproof cast iron trellis that carries the Shropshire Union Canal.
1841. Severn Railway Tunnel completed.
1851. Welsh speaking newspaper "Y Drych" appears in New York.
1867. Welsh Liberal Party formed.
1872. Aberystwyth University founded. First University in Wales.
1900-1903. Penrhyn Slate Quarry strike over Union recognition becomes longest in British history. It is never resolved and 1000 of the 3000 Gwynedd miners who walked out never returned.
1905. Cardiff gains status as a City.
1913. Senghenydd Pit Explosion Caerphilly, kills 439 miners highlighting the dangers of working underground.
1916. Lloyd George raised in Llanystumdwy, Gwynedd, first Welshman to become Prime Minister of Britain.
1925. Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru, The National Party of Wales is founded.
1955. Cardiff becomes Welsh capital.
1966. Aberfan Disaster. 144 people, 116 of them children die when a slag pile collapses under the weight of heavy rain wiping out their school.
1977. Radio Cymru/Radio Wales founded.
1997. The Referendum. The Country votes "YES" to a Welsh Assembly in Government. Thus opening a very old door in the annuls of Welsh recognition, respect and some semblance of independence.