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Some interesting facts & trivia about Scotland's weather, geography & population.

Geography Berwick on Tweed, an English town, changed ownership between Scotland and England more than a dozen times since the 12th Century.
Geography The border between Scotland and England has been defended furiously for many Centuries, yet it is only 110 miles (180 kilometers) long.
Geography Scotland is approx 275 miles (440km) long. 25 miles (40km) wide at it's narrowest between the River Clyde and River Forth. 155 miles (250km) wide between it's furthest points.
Geography Scotland land mass is 30,028 sq miles which equates to 31% of United Kingdom but population is less than 9% of UK total.
Geography Scottish territorial coastline adds up to 6189 miles in length.
Geography Highest mountain in Scotland, also UK record. Ben Nevis at 4406 feet.
Geography Scottish coastal waters contain over 800 islands, only 132 of them known to be inhabited.
Geography Longest river, Tay at 120.6 miles.
Geography Biggest Loch. Loch Lomond at 27.4 square miles (71 sq km)
Geography Deepest Loch. Loch Morar at 1077 feet (328 metres).
Geography Most famous Loch. Loch Ness home of the legendary Loch Ness Monster.
Geography Shetland and Orkney Islands were once owned by Norway.
Population Aberdeen 184,788
Population Ayr 46,431
Population Cumbernauld 49,664
Population Dundee 154,674
Population East Kilbride 73,796
Population Edinburgh 430,082
Population Glasgow 629,501
Population Hamilton 48,546
Population Kirkcaldy 46,912
Population Livingston 50,826
Population Paisley 74,170
Trivia English football team Berwick Rangers actually plays in the Scottish League. The only English team to do so.
Trivia The word Clan (Gaelic clann) means offspring, children, decendants.
Trivia The Forth Rail Bridge took 8 years to build. Contains 55,000 tons of steel, 650,000 cubic feet of granite, 8 million rivets, 150 acres of paint. Stands 361 feet, or about the height of a Saturn V rocket that took man to the Moon. During warm weather it expands about 18 inches at both ends, a total of 3 feet. At peak of construction over 4500 folk were employed.
Trivia Guy Fawkes tried unsuccessfully to blow up the Houses of Parliament with gunpowder. Every year on 5th November the Scots along with the rest of the UK celebrate the "gunpowder plot" with fireworks.
Trivia Heather grows in abundance in central and eastern Highlands, due to it's particularly acidic qualities which Heather thrives upon.
Trivia Scottish banknotes. Average daily circulation ? 2.2 billion. Although all major Scottish banks print their own money, they have no legal authority to produce coins. English Royal Mint retains exclusive rights.
Trivia Scottish banknotes amazingly enough, are not legal tender. Shopkeepers in Wales and England are not legally bound to accept them. Thankfully this is merely a legislative technicality.
Trivia The word Whisky comes from a Gaelic translation of "water of life".
Trivia Whisky sales in Scotland peaked in 1978 at 70 million gallons (300 million litres).
Trivia First legally licenced distillery, Glenlivet 1823.
Trivia Taxes average 72% per bottle of whisky sold in Scotland.
Trivia The Sunday Mail and Sunday Post newspapers individually, are read by an equivalent of 25% of the population of Scotland.
Trivia Scotland hosts over 300 Castles, or one per every 100 square miles.
Weather Sunniest month. 329 hours at Tiree, Argyll in May 1946 and May 1975.
Weather Dullest month. 36 minutes at Cape Wrath, Highlands, January 1983.
Weather Wettest day. 9.52 inches of rain (238 mm) at Sloy Main Adit, Loch Lomond, 17 January 1974.
Weather Highest low level wind gust. 142mph (123 knots) at Fraserburgh Aberdeenshire, 13 February 1989.
Weather Warmest day. 32.9 °C ( 91.2°F) at Greycrook Lothian & Borders, 9 August 2003.
Weather Coldest day. -27.2 °C (-17°F) Braemar Aberdeenshire, 11 February 1895 and 10 January 1982. -27°C (-17°F) Altnaharra, Highlands 30 December 1995.
Weather Scotland gets enough rain in one year to completely fill Loch Lomond.
Weather Highest high level wind gust. 173 mph (150 knots) at Cairngorm Automatic Weather Station, altitude of 4085 feet (1245m), 20 March 1986.
Weather Edinburgh receives half to one third less rain than Glasgow per annum.
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