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Ireland's History Timeline.

8000BC. Earliest settlers arrived in Ireland during this Mesolithic period. They crossed from Scotland which was believed to be joined by narrow land channels accessible at low tide. They hunted animals for food and wore their pelts as clothing.
3500BC. Neolithic period. Settlers were more advanced in using the land for farming. Trading of basic farming implements took place. Excavations at Lough Gur in Co.Limerick and the megalithic tomb at Newgrange in Co. Meath both date back to this period.
2000BC. Bronze Age. Greater use of metals, bronze and gold objects have been discovered. Pottery, jewellery and axe heads.
1700BC. Milesian Irish Genealogies period. A fascinating compilation of detailed historical events. Click to read more.
1300BC. Emergence of the "Crannog", a domed platform dwelling built on top of pillars in the middle of a lake or marshland.
500-350BC. Celts arrive from a colder central Europe. They thrive in the milder climate and dominate the whole of Ireland.
200BC. La Tene Celtic tribes reach Ireland, bringing a convoluted system of rule. Ireland is divided into approx 150 parcels of land called a "Tuath". Ruled over by lesser Kings, who in turn were governed by a "Tuath Group" King, who then it turn was accountable to one of the five Provinical Kings.
100BC. Arrival of the Gaels, a warrior based culture who made use of more sophisticated metals, fashioning them into weapons.
300AD. Ireland ruled by groups known as the Scotti Tribe.
431AD. Pope Celestine 1 sends Palladius to Ireland as their first Bishop.
432AD. Arrival of St.Patrick, brings Christianity scriptures to Pagan Gaelic Kings.
461AD. St.Patrick dies, after 30 years achieves his goal of introducing a Roman based Civilisation, and Christianity to Ireland.
563AD. St.Columba sails to Iona, where he Christianised Scotland and much of England.
597AD. St.Columba dies, leaving a lasting impression as the greatest Missionary ever within the Irish Church.
800AD. Ireland attacked by seaborne warriors on Lambay Island, east of Dublin. Later known as the Vikings.
920AD. Vikings well established 120 years after their first landing. Large settlements at Waterford, Limerick and Dublin.
940AD. Brian Boru born. Son of a Royal Free Tribes of Munster leader.
976AD. Brian succeeds his older brother Mahon, as King of Munster.
999AD. Brian Boru defeats the incumbent Vikings.
1002. Brian Boru becomes King of all Ireland.
1014. High King Brian Boru, killed at Battle of Clontarf.
1167-69. English Normans invade at Baginbun, Co. Wexford. This incursion gives birth to 800 years of discord about the English ruling Ireland.
1171. Richard de Clare "Strongbow" becomes king of Leinster. Arrival of Henry II's army to quell Strongbow's growing powers. This ends the Milesian Kings and is a precursor to English involvement in Ireland's politics.
1175. High King Rory O'Connor becomes the last native King of Ireland.
1272. English garrisons now control Ulster, Connacht and, Munster.
1315. Edward Bruce of Scotland invades Ireland after Battle of Bannockburn. Invasion fails.
1361. Laws passed banning pure-blooded Irish from acquiring employment in legal circles serving the English.
1366. Statutes of Kilkenny forbade marriage between Irish/English. English forbade to use Irish language, customs or laws.
1507. Henry VIII rules England.
1541. Henry VIII declares himself King of all Ireland.
1547. King Edward VI succeeds the English throne after the death of Henry VIII. Ireland ruled by English noblemen.
1603. Accession of James 1. English Law is forcefully imposed upon the peoples of Ireland. Several Counties in Ulster consficated.
1649. Oliver Cromwell lands at Dublin. His troops kill over 2,000 men.
1656. Over 60,000 Irish Catholics shipped into slavery in the Caribbean.
1658. Oliver Cromwell dies. The population of Ireland under his control drops by a staggering 70%. Over 1 million Irish either dead or displaced.
1672. Over 6,000 young Irish boys and women sold as slaves to Jamaica.
1690. William III "William of Orange" lands at Carrickfergus, defeats James II at the now infamous Battle of the Boyne.
1695. Anti-Catholic Penal Laws Introduced.
1782. Irish Parliament wins basic form of "law making" independence from England.
1798. Irish Revolution.
1801. Act of Union.
1846. Nationwide failure of the potato harvest, leads to potato famine.
1847. First deaths from starvation, fever spreads. Within 1 year through emigration and deaths, Ireland population drops by 2 million (25%) to 6 million.
1863. "Irish People" newspaper founded, workers later arrested.
1869. Gladstone, Prime Minister, dissassembles the Irish Protestant Church.
1886. First semblance of Home Rule Bill passed before Parliament.
1916. Easter Rising in Dublin.
1919-21. Irish War of Independence against Britain.
1921. Anglo Irish Treaty.
1922. Civil War begins between Free State Army and IRA.
1949. Repeal of External Relations Act. Ireland leaves the Commonwealth. Republic of Ireland created owning 26 counties.
1951-62. IRA campaign in North.
1955. Ireland joins the United Nations.
1969. Whilst America lands a man on the Moon, British troops are sent to Derry. Protestant riot in Belfast.
1970. Dublin Arms Trial. First British soldier killed by IRA in Belfast.
1972. Ireland joins the European Economic Community (EEC)
1972. January 30. Bloody Sunday. British paratroopers kill 13 civilians during civil-rights march in Derry.
1974. Loyalists bomb areas of Dublin and Monaghan, killing 30.
1981-82. 10 Irish Republicans die on hunger strike in Maze Prison, NI. Bobby Sands elected to British Parliament.
1993. Joint Declaration on Peace. "Downing Street Declaration". British Government concedes the right of the people of Ireland to self determination. Possibly the most important document ever signed in the tumultous and bloody history of Ireland, and her fight to break free from British rule. Click to read the historic document.
1994. Irish Republican Army (IRA) declares cease-fire.
1996. Cease-fire breaks down after Britain's Conservative government refuses Sinn Fein to join talks on NI.
1997. IRA cease-fire resumes. Communication begins once again between British and all Irish Governmental concerns.
1998. Initial peace-plan accepted by all parties subsequently putting a seal on an 800 year battle for Irish recognition.
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